Back, Neck & Joint Pain
- Poor posture
- Faulty spinal alignment
- Improper lifting techniques
- Muscle imbalances
- Incorrect ergonomics/ work station set-up, causing increased stress to the joints and muscles of the neck, back and pelvis.
- This may result in inflammation, protective spasm and pain in the structures of the spine.
Common Spinal Conditions:
- Disc Bulge/Prolapse - results in increased pressure on the spinal joints and nerves.
- Facet Joint Sprain - inflammation of the spinal joint where movement takes place.
- Muscle Strain - shortening or tightness of the muscles, may include graded tears
- Scoliosis - a curvature in the spine due to structural changes in the vertebrae or asymmetrical forces across the joint i.e.muscle imbalance, leg length difference or poor postural positions.
- Sacro-iliac joint dysfunction - poor alignment and faulty distribution of weight bearing stress across the lower back, pelvis and lower limbs.
- Sciatica - if inflamed or compressed, the nerves of the lower back may refer pain into the buttock, hamstring, down the leg and into the foot.
- Osteoarthritis - degenerative changes in the supportive structures of the joint. It results in wear and tear of the joint margins, bony surfaces and cartilage.
- Spinal stenosis - a narrowing of the spine that puts pressure on the spinal cord and nerves.
- Osteoporosis - while not painful in itself can lead to fractured vertebrae which cause pain.
- Stress - This causes back muscles to become tense and painful.
The lower back is a region that is easily susceptible to back pain, as it connects the upper and lower back and bears most of the weight of the body. Housewives, athletes, gardeners and workers who do heavy lifting on their jobs often sustain back injury during the course of their duties.
- Education-Correct postural positions and ‘Postural Taping’ to decrease stress on the joints and soft tissues.
- Traction Decompression Therapy - for the treatment of bulging discs, facet joint sprains, chronic back pain and sciatica.
- Ergonomics- work station modification, proper lifting technique and correct postural positioning during all activities including sleep.
- Exercise therapy - restore muscle balance, core stability (co-ordination and timing), specific stretching and strengthening, postural alignment, and joint mobility.
- A customized exercise program to regain full function.
- Manual therapy- soft tissue therapy to regain muscle length, spinal & joint mobilization to improve range of motion and correct faulty biomechanics.
- Electrotherapy - decrease pain, swelling, inflammation and muscle spasm.
Correct posture when sitting and standing is important. Do not slouch, as this puts pressure on the lower back and neck. Sit with feet flat on the floor and knees slightly lower than your hips. The way you sleep can also contribute to back pain. If you sleep on your side, a pillow between the knees can help to maintain the natural curve of the spine. If you sleep on your back, a pillow below the knees is helpful. Moreover, do not discount the benefits of a firm mattress.
Our Surrey Physiotherapists will educate you in ways of preventing your back problems from recurring and/or train you to manage these problems and alleviate pain. Intervention will include the use of heat or cold, TENS and ultrasound as well as stretching and strengthening exercises. By following our guidance, you will be on your way to living a pain-free life.
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